Sailboat Rigging Diagrams
When you look at sailboat rigging diagrams, you get a glimpse into the complexity and the ingenuity of mariners. The development of this equipment demonstrates the keen observation sailors had of weather conditions and the ensuing effect on sailing vessels. Rigging is an effective way to harness the power of the wind for the intended purpose of sailing.
Rigging for the Conditions
Rigging reflects the need and purpose of the sailing expedition. In some cases, the purpose is to take advantage of the prevailing winds for long distance travel. Other times, speed and accuracy of navigation are most important. Rigging varies to maximize the benefits that are required.
Types of Rigging
The rigging is a manifestation of the boat's intended purpose. Rigging types include fore and aft rig and square rig. The difference between the two lies in how they are placed in relationship to the boat. This naturally influences how it affects travel.
Fore and Aft Rigging
Fore and aft rigging is probably what you most likely associate with sailboats. It includes a vertical mast with sails aligned along its length. This often uses what is known as the Bermuda rigging, a style of mast configuration that maximizes the typical windy conditions of tropical locations.
Square rigging takes advantage of the winds over the open water to transport goods. Winds over the open sea are greater than over land, where there are obstructions to wind flow. If a ship must travel long distances over the open sea, this type of rigging offers the optimal rigging for travel.
Sailboat rigging diagrams for square rigging shows the rigging lies across the width of the ship in a series of sails up the length of the mast. One or more masts on a boat use this set up. This type of rigging may be what you typically think of as part of sailing vessels of yesteryear.
Sailboat Rigging Diagrams
If you take a close look at sailboat rigging diagrams, you can see the logic of their placement. Fore and aft rigging exposes a large, uninterrupted area to the forces of the wind. Thus, it is the best choice when speed is the objective.
The proximity to the mast also improves its maneuverability. This is a desirable quality with sailboats including schooners, sloops, and ketches. These boats are typically used for shorter travel, racing, and coastal travel.
The nomenclature of the sails and masts provides a guide to how they are placed. The tallest mast of a sailing vessel is the main mast. If more than one mast is present, then the mast in front is called the fore mast. The mast in the aft of the boat is the mizzen mast.
The sails are named for their position on the mast and include the main course sail, topsail, topgallant sail, and the royal sail. The name is preceded by the name of the mast. This logical nomenclature helps you understand the placement of sails and give you a visual of how the sails are placed on the sailing vessels.
When you look at modern day sailboats, you will notice the sail pattern includes different types of sails. A modern sailboat will have sails referred to as jigs and spinnakers. These sails take advantage of the additional sail yardage afforded by the installation of the bowsprit, which is an extension of the bow that adds to the versatility and maneuverability of these sailing vessels.
The design of sailing vessels finds way to maximize their usability for the tasks for which they are needed. The sail rigging is one example of how a sailboat can increase its speed and usability based on its purpose.
The placement also demonstrates the maximization of finding ways to best use nature's power for whatever purpose is needed. It also shows the maximum benefit of sailing can be realized without the reliance on motors or other modern day technology. Nature provides the answers. It is up to man to find a way to harness them for his purposes.