see it clearly
Learn more

Fun Facts about India

Fun facts about India offer insight into the history and culture of the one the world’s most populous countries.

Fun Facts about India

Basic Facts about India

India has a rich and vibrant history, and there is always more to discover about the country. These basic facts are a good place to start.

  • In Sanskrit, one of the national languages in India, the country is called Bharat.
  • The country’s name comes from the Indus River. The earliest civilizations in India were concentrated in the valleys around the Indus.
  • India is home to the world’s largest university. Located in Takshila, the university was founded in 700 B.C.
  • Religion is a central part of Indian culture. Jews began living in India in 200 B.C. and Christians settled there in 52 A.D. Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism all count India as a birthplace. Further, there are more mosques in India – approximately 300,000 – than the entire Muslim world combined.
  • India has never invaded a country.
  • Before Britain colonized the country in the 17th century, India was one of the world’s wealthiest countries.
  • India is the most populous country in the world to have a democratic government.
  • The world’s largest employer is India’s national rail system. That company employs over one million people.
  • India was the world’s only source of diamonds until 1896, when diamonds were discovered in Africa.

Fun Facts about India: Math and Sciences

Indian mathematicians and scientists have contributed enormously to their respective disciplines. Here are just a few of the discoveries and inventions for which India deserves credit:

  • Surgery and the use of anesthesia during surgery both originated in India. An Indian doctor named Sushruta began performing surgeries over 2600 years ago, and there are records indicating he was performing complex operations, including brain surgery and attaching artificial limbs. He used herbs as anesthesia during his surgeries.
  • Algebra, trigonometry and calculus can all be traced back to India. Indian mathematicians adopted the Pythagorean Theorem before European mathematicians. Quadratic equations have been used in Indian since the 11th century.
  • The decimal system and system of place value were first used in India in 100 B.C.
  • Ayurveda, the world’s first school of medicine, was born in India.
  • The concept of pi originates in India and was discovered by mathematician Budhayana.
  • India is the world’s largest exporter of computer software.

Random Facts about India

In a country with a population of over one billion people, there is always more to learn. These fun facts about India will help you delve deeper.

  • Do you like to play the game Snakes and Ladders? It started out as a morality lesson in India. It was created in the 13th century by a poet named Gyandev. In the game, the ladders represented virtues while the snakes represented bad habits. The game was designed to deliver the message that virtue can lead you to heaven while vices take you further away from reaching it.
  • Did You Know?

    India recognizes 22 languages as “national languages.”

  • Likewise, credit India if you enjoy playing chess.
  • India is the place to be if you want to mail a letter. According to the Indian government, the country has more post offices than any country in the world.
  • If you don’t like heights, watch out for Indian bridges. The country’s Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is 18,379 above sea level and is in the Himalayan Mountains over the Dras and Suru Rivers.
  • Hollywood might get more press, but Bollywood rules the film world. India’s film industry is the world’s largest.
  • Arranged marriage is still very common in India, and the divorce rate is low. Over half of all women in India are married by the time they reach 18.

Heather McDonald