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Family Crest - Trees, Leaves and Flowers

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Sir Stephen Cheyndut, a 13th century knight, bore an oak tree, the cheyne of his first syllable, while for like reasons a Piriton had a pear tree on his shield. Three pears were borne (temp. Edward III.) by Nicholas Stivecle of Huntingdonshire, and about the same date is Applegarth's shield of three red apples in a silver field.

Tree, leaves and flowers

Leaves of burdock are in the arms (14th century) of Sir John de Lisle and mulberry leaves in those of Sir Hugh de Morieus. Three roots of trees are given to one Richard Rotour in a 14th century roll. Malherbe (13th century) bore the "evil herb" - a teazle bush. Pineapples are borne here and there, and it will be noted that armorists have not surrendered this, our ancient word for the "fir-cone," to the foreign ananas. Out of the cornfield English armory took the sheaf, three sheaves being on the shield of an earl of Chester early in the 13th cnetury and Sheffield bearing sheaves for a play on his name. For a like reason Peverel's sheaves were sheaves of pepper. Rye bore three ears of rye on a bend, and Graindorge had barley ears.

Tree, leaves and flowers

Flowers are few in this field of armorn, although lilies with their stalks and leaves are in the grant of arms to Eton College. Ousethorpe has water flowers, and now and again we find some such strange charges as those in the 15th century shield of Thomas Porthelyne who bore "Sable a cheveron gules between three 'popybolles,' or poppy heads vert."

The fleur-de-lys, a conventional form from the beginnings of armory might well be taken amongst the "ordinaries." In England as in France it is found in great plenty.

Eton College
  • Aguylon bore "Gules a fleur-de-lys silver."
  • Peyferer bore "Silver three fleur-de-lys sable."

Trefoils are very rarely seen until the 15th century, although Hervey has them, and Gausill, and a Bosville coat seems to have borne them. They have always their stalk left hanging to them. Vincent, Hattecliffe adn Massingberd all bore the quatrefoil, while the Bardolfs, and the Quincys, earls of winchester, had cinqfoils. The old rolls of arms made much confusion between cinqfoils and sixfoils (quintefoilles e sisfoilles) and the rose. It is still uncertain how far that confusion extended amongst the families which bore the charges. The cinqfoil and sixfoil, however, are all but invariably pierced in the middle like the spur rowel, and the rose's blunt edged petals give it definite shape soon after the decorative movement of the Edwardian age began to carve natural buds and flowers in stone and wood.

  • Hervey bore "Gules a bend silver with three trefoils vert thereon."
  • Vincent bore "Azure three quatrefoils silver."
Tree, leaves and flowers
  • Quincy bore "Gules a cinqfoil silver."
  • Bardolf of Wormegay bore "Bules three cinqfoils silver."
  • Cosington bore "Azure three roses gold."
  • Hilton bore "Silver three chaplets or garlands of red roses."