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List of Philosophers

Since early times, people have contemplated why they are here, what they are supposed to do while on Earth, and what the meanings of life and virtue are. Following are several lists of philosophers throughout the ages who have thought about these issues, as well as sources for more information.

List of Philosophers

List of Philosophers

A list of philosophers can be found on the website Erratic Impact http://www.erraticimpact.com/names_index.htm. If you visit the website, there are links for more information about each philosopher listed. The 50 philosophers in alphabetical order listed on the site include:

  • Peter Abelard
  • Theodor Adorno
  • Thomas Aquinas
  • Hannah Arendt
  • Aristotle
  • Augustine
  • Francis Bacon
  • Roland Barthes
  • Georges Bataille
  • Jean Baudrillard
  • Simone de Beauvoir
  • Walter Benjamin
  • George Berkeley
  • Judith Butler
  • Albert Camus
  • Noam Chomsky
  • Hélène Cixous
  • Gilles Deleuze
  • Jacques Derrida
  • Rene Descartes
  • John Dewey
  • Michel Foucault
  • Hans-Georg Gadamer
  • Jurgen Habermas
  • Donna Haraway
  • Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
  • Martin Heidegger
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • David Hume
  • Edmund Husserl
  • Luce Irigaray
  • William James
  • Kant Immanuel
  • Julia Kristeva
  • Lao Tzu
  • Emmanuel Levinas
  • John Locke
  • Jean-François Lyotard
  • Maurice Merleau-Ponty
  • John Stewart Mill
  • G.E. Moore
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Plato
  • W. V. Quine
  • Ayn Rand
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • Jean-Paul Sartre
  • Arthur Schopenhauer
  • Benedict de Spinoza
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein

Chronological Lists

Here is a list of philosophers in chronological order along with the dates of their birth and death. There are 43 of them ranging from 500 BC to the 1900s.

  • Anaxagoras 500 - 428 BC
  • Socrates 464 - 399 BC
  • Plato 428 - 348 BC
  • Aristotle 384 - 322 BC
  • Plotinus 205 - 270
  • St. Augustine of Hippo 354 - 430
  • Boethius 475 - 535
  • Avicenna 980 - 1037
  • St. Anselm 1033 - 1109
  • Peter Abelard 1079 - 1142
  • Averroes 1126 - 98
  • Maimonides 1135 - 1204
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 1225 - 74
  • John Duns Scotus 1266 - 1308
  • William of Ockham 1285 - 1349
  • Niccolo Machiavelli 1469 - 1527
  • Sir Thomas More 1478 - 1535
  • Sir Francis Bacon 1561 - 1626
  • Thomas Hobbes 1588 - 1679
  • Rene Descartes 1596 - 1650
  • Blaise Pascal 1623 - 1662
  • Baruch Spinoza 1623 - 1677
  • John Locke 1632 - 1704
  • Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 1646 - 1716
  • Voltaire 1694 - 1778
  • David Hume 1711 - 1776
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau 1712 - 1778
  • Adam Smith 1723 - 1790
  • Immanuel Kant 1724 - 1804
  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 1770 - 1831
  • Arthur Schopenhauer 1788 - 1860
  • John Stuart Mill 1806 - 1873
  • Soren Kierkegaard 1813 - 1855
  • Karl Marx 1818 - 1883
  • William James 1842 - 1910
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche 1844 - 1900
  • John Dewey 1859 - 1952
  • Alfred North Whitehead 1861 - 1947
  • George Santayana 1863 - 1952
  • Bertrand Russell 1872 - 1970
  • G. E. Moore 1873 - 1958
  • Martin Heidegger 1889 - 1976
  • Jean-Paul Sartre 1905 - 1980

If you want to see an even longer list, then here is a list of over 100 Western philosophers from the West Valley College site. The names are sorted chronologically and according to four periods of time: ancient, medieval, modern, and contemporary.

Philosophy

The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek language. The words "philos" and "sophia" mean "love of wisdom. Philosophers think about and discuss age old questions, like: "What is the meaning of justice?" "What is reality?" and "What is love?" Wisdom was one thing that was investigated and Socrates thought that, "True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing." Here are a few more quotes from famous philosophers.

"I think, therefore I am." - Rene Descartes

"Happiness is not an ideal of reason but of imagination." - Immanuel Kant

"The simplest and most obvious cause which can there be assigned for any phenomena, is probably the true one." - David Hume

"He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And when you gaze long into an abyss the abyss also gazes into you." - Friedrich Nietzsche

"Indeed in general I hold that there is nothing truer than happiness and nothing happier and sweeter than truth." - Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

These lists and resources about philosophers along with a handful of their famous theories should help get you started on your study of philosophy.