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Philosopher Aristotle

Aristotle was a student of the famous Greek philosopher Plato. He was a popular philosopher himself and became the teacher of Alexander the Great. Aristotle became famous for his philosophical writings on subjects including physics, poetry, theatre, rhetoric, linguistics, government, politics, biology, and zoology. He also wrote about the philosophy of many other subjects during his lifetime.

Philosopher Aristotle

Aristotle's Life

Aristotle has an interesting history, although not everything about him and his background is known. Aristotle was born in 384 BC in a place known during his time as Stageira, Chalcdice. Not much is known about his mother, but his father's name was Nicomachus, who was the personal doctor to King Amyntas of Macedon.

During his youth, Aristotle was educated as a member of the upper class because of his father's association with the king. When he was 18, he traveled to Athens where he began to attend Plato's Academy. Once he started attending the academy, he studied nearly every subject imaginable and studied directly under Plato himself for many years. During his time of study, he also made great contributions in thinking for each of the subjects he was learning about. He was not afraid to ask questions and challenge current ideas.

The Philosopher Aristotle

Many of the first ideas pertaining to the physical sciences were credited to Aristotle during the Medieval times and the Renaissance as well. Years later, however, many of the views of Aristotle were replaced with the views of Newton. Most scientists today refer back to the concepts known as Newtonian physics when expanding upon and using science.

Aristotle is also credited as being the first philosopher in history to develop beliefs behind the science of zoology and he was the first to explain how species of the animal kingdom could be classified. Again, however, throughout the years, Aristotle's views have been replaced with the views that incorporate knowledge about modern evolution. For example, Aristotle did not place humans within the first animal classification system, but the theory behind modern evolution has since placed humans in the animal species rather than into a classification all of their own.

Some suggest that there are also holes in Aristotle's work despite the contributions he made. However, many experts agree some of the errors and gaps in Aristotle's work are largely due to the fact certain formulas did not exist at the time that would have helped him to advance his studies. For example, Aristotle knew the quality and importance of temperature and speed, but the instruments and technology did not exist in order for him to prove or support his theories.

Aristotle and Religion and Ethics

The philosophy of Aristotle from a theological point of view helped to shape the belief systems of many religions, as well. In particular, the Islamic and Jewish religions were profoundly shaped by Aristotle's studies. The religious theories he developed came to be known as Aristotelianism. Aristotle's ideas are also referenced often today in the study of virtues and ethics.

The Writings of Aristotle

In addition to his philosophical studies, Aristotle was also a creative writer. Cicero described the works of Aristotle and the way they were written as a "river of gold." Aristotle wrote plays and poetry in his lifetime, however, his creative works never became as popular as his philosophical works. Today, it is believed that many of the works of Aristotle have been lost over time. In fact, experts estimate only one third of philosopher Aristotle's works have survived.