see it clearly

Rooms of the White House

How many rooms in the White House does the President of the United States use? Every student in the United States has to learn about the White House, the seat of power for the United States, but it’s not often covered just how many rooms in the White House there are or what they’re used for.

Brief History of the White House

Rooms of the White House

The White House is an institution; a symbol of the freedom and strength of the United States. It is also the residence of presidents and their families. The White House has not always been the seat of executive power in the United States. The first capitol was located in Philadelphia and then, for a very brief time, in New York until construction was completed.

It wasn’t until December, 1790, when President Washington signed an Act of Congress in order to declare that government would be located in a district that would not be more than 10 square miles and would be on the river Potomac that Washington D.C. came into existence. The White House began construction over the following decade, but would not be completed until after Washington’s death in 1799.

The White House survived not one, but two fires. The first fire came at the hands of the British in 1814 during the war of 1812. In 1929 a fire erupted in the West Wing during Herbert Hoover’s term as President. Harry S. Truman and family were living in Blair House (located across from the White House) for much of his presidency because the majority of the interior was gutted and under renovation. If you look closely you can see the discoloration of some of the bricks used in the White House due to the 1814 fire.

How Many Rooms Does the White House Have Today?

The White House is a legitimate mansion and, as such, has many rooms. Currently there are 132 rooms in the White House and there are also 35 bathrooms, 6 floors (levels). Plenty of doors at 412, lots of windows at 147, plenty of warmth from 28 fireplaces, 8 staircases and 3 elevators. There are even a few secret passageways that lead under the White House and a secret bunker that was allegedly used by President John F. Kennedy. Aside from these fun facts here are the rooms in the White House that have actual functionality:

The Blue Room: One of three parlors that is located on the first floor. It is oval in shape and is used for receptions, receiving lines and sometimes the place for small dinners. This is one of the original rooms in James Hobel’s design.

The Green Room: Another parlor on the first floor; the Green Room is also oval and used for receptions, receiving lines and small dinners. Cocktails are served in the parlors before the President and First Lady descend the Grand Staircase.

The Red Room: The third parlor on the first floor of the White house. The Red Room is a parlor and music room that is used for small dinner parties at rare times.

The Cabinet Room: Located in the West Wing of the White and adjacent to the Oval Office, the Cabinet Room is where the secretaries and advisors gather to hold audience with the President.

James S. Brady Press Briefing Room: This is a small theater in the West Wing where daily briefings are held by the press secretary. The President sometimes addresses the press and nation.

Roosevelt Room: Located in the West Wing; almost nearly center of it, this room acts as the official workplace of the President.

China Room: A collection of state china is on display here and covers pieces from President Washington’s Chinese china to President Clinton’s china which commemorates the 200th anniversary of the occupancy of the White House. The First Lady generally makes use of this room for tea, meeting and small receptions.

State Dining Room: This room is used when head of state come to visit and a formal dining setting is needed.

Treaty Room: One of the rooms used by the First Family, the Treat Room is primarily used by the President as a study.

Lincoln Bedroom: Most likely the most well known room other than the Oval Office, the Lincoln Bedroom was used as Lincoln’s office. Today it is primarily an award from president’s to their friends and supporters and used as a guest suite.

Lincoln Sitting Room: Interestingly enough the Lincoln Sitting Room was used as the telegraph room from 1865 to 1902.

The East Room: Used as the chief area for entertaining the East Room is also the largest room in the White House.

Map Room: Located on the ground floor of the White House the Map Room got its name from Franklin Roosevelt’s use of it during World War II. He used it as a situation room where maps of troop movements were hung.

Oval Office: By far the most famous room of the White House the Oval Office is the official office of the President. It was created in 1909 as an expansion to the West Wing during the serving of President Taft. It was modeled after the Blue Room.

By Stephanie Stiavetti